Brain injuries, whether mild or severe, happen to about 1.7 million people annually. Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs) contribute to a high number of deaths and permanent disability. A TBI can be caused by a sudden jolt or blow to the head that causes the brain to function improperly.
Traumatic Brain Injuries can cause functional changes that can affect a person’s thinking, sensation, language and emotions. They can also increase a person’s risk of conditions such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease. Some brain injuries can cause permanent damage to parts of the brain that keep an individual from gaining back their independence.
Rehabilitation after a traumatic brain injury consists of two processes: regaining certain functions and relearning those that were lost. Each person is different as is their injury. A series of tests are performed to measure brain functioning. Rehabilitation is then based on those tests. A person may suffer cognitive and communication problems.
These problems can affect or include a person’s personality, pre-injury abilities, how much they know or remember, and whether they can perform basic daily tasks independently. Rehabilitation must start early, usually while still in the hospital. Early rehabilitation can help improve skills such as alertness and attention. The main goal of rehabilitation and intensive therapy is to help the individual gain as much independent functioning as possible.
For more information on brain injuries and rehabilitation, contact the expert neurosurgeons in Connecticut at NOSS by calling 203-755-NOSS (6677), or 1-800-463-8764.