Bones are complex structures made up of mineral and organic compounds. Excessive trauma to any bone, osteoporosis or repetitive overuse during activity can result in fractures. Your bones are essential in allowing free movement and balance. If they become compromised, it can limit your mobility and inhibit you from accomplishing everyday tasks.
Fractures can occur in spinal bones (vertebrae), ribs, femur and tibia of the leg, or radius of the arm amongst other bones. They occur as a result of excessive compression or stress, called compression fractures and stress fractures. There are several fracture types; however, the most common are:
- Simple fracture: the skin is lacerated and no deformity is present
- Open fracture: the skin is lacerated and bone pieces may be exposed
- Displaced fracture: normal alignment of the bones is evident
- Comminuted fracture: involves 3+ bone fragments
A patient will sometimes state having heard the bone “crack” or “snap”. Accompanying the sound is pain and inflammation accompanied by other symptoms including:
Treatment options should be discussed with an orthopaedist specialist. X-rays will determine the extent of the injury. The fracture may require casting or surgical intervention depending on how much damage is present. Other treatment options to consider:
- Traction: the process of aligning bones slowly with a pulling technique
- Internal fixation: the bone fragments are fixed to resume normal alignment and adhered by screws or plates
- External fixation: the fracture is secured by pins and screws inserted into the upper and lower parts of the affected bone and connected to an external metal bar
Our comprehensive team of specialists strives to provide you with the best medical and rehabilitative care possible. Contact the Connecticut orthopaedists of NOSS by calling 203-755-NOSS (6677), or 1-800-463-8764 to schedule a consultation.